What does comprehensive support mean for a school?


Montana's system of differentiation under ESSA uses four federally required indicators plus Montana's own fifth indicator to identify schools as either Comprehensive, Targeted, or Universal.  This system focuses on providing supports where they are most needed. 

Montana ESSA Accountability

1-4 Federally Required Indicators

  • Academic Achievement on Statewide Assessments: ELA/Reading & Math
  • Academic Growth on Statewide Assessments ELA/Reading & Math (K-8 Only)
  • English Learner Progress
  • Graduation Rates (HS only)

5th Indicator for Montana Flexibility

  • Attendance
  • College & Career Ready (HS Only)
  • CRT Science Assessment (2016-2017)

Schools identified for Comprehensive Support and Improvement meet one or more of the following criteria:

  • are in the lowest performing 5% of all Title I schools in the state;
  • have a high school graduation rate of less than 67%; and/or
  • have consistently underperforming subgroups.

Every three years, the OPI will identify schools for comprehensive support and improvement beginning with the 2018-2019 school year. The OPI will use data from the 2016-2017 school year in order to notify schools during the spring of 2018.

How are comprehensive schools being supported?


Schools identified for comprehensive support are working in partnership with the schools, district, and the OPI to conduct a comprehensive needs assessment of both operational (i.e., school board efficiency, school climate, and student engagement) and instructional components (i.e., leadership, professional development, and curriculum and standards).

All schools identified for comprehensive support and improvement are developing and implementing a Continuous School Improvement Plan based on the comprehensive needs assessment.

Specific strategies include:

  • Building community capacity to support kindergarten transitions;
  • Building school board efficiency through a school board coach;
  • Providing wraparound services to students and their families (e.g., mental and physical health services, mentoring);
  • Engaging students in school improvement through youth voice and advocacy work;
  • Supporting culturally responsive practices, particularly for American Indian communities;
  • Implementing systemic literacy and math improvements through specialized instructional personnel including a variety of educators, as well as library media and digital literacy and math specialists; and
  • Use of the Montana Early Warning System to identify students at risk of dropping out of school, apply targeted interventions based on student needs, and track interventions over time to determine if the interventions are  working.

Which schools are identified as comprehensive?



Contact Information

Aimee Konzen, Director of School Improvement Unit, Department of School Innovation & Improvement, 406-444-3114



Image of girl writing


Regional Visual for CSI website Updated 8 2022

Join us for regular "Regional Summit" meetings throughout the 2022-23 school year, beginning in September.

The purpose of ongoing summits is to foster communication and connections between stakeholders at CSI schools. This is also a way to give Tier 2 instruction and guidance while fostering regional relationships. We're hosting two meetings per month – one in Billings and one in Havre ; you are welcome to join at whichever location is most convenient for you and your staff.

In September, we will be discussing the Early Warning System with Dan McGee. Your administrators will gain the following from this work session:
- How to access and use the data from the EWS
- Answer the question: How are you planning to use the EWS this year?
- Time to work with their team to create a plan moving forward.

More details are contained in each registration form (linked below).

Please register here to attend the September 9th meeting in Billings (by Friday, September 2) OR register here to attend the September 15th meeting in Havre (by Friday, September 9).

Future Regional Meetings:

October - Testing Updates with OPI Assessment Team
- October 7 – Billings
- October 28 – Havre

February - Superintendent Spotlight with MT Superintendents (TBD)
- February 10 – Billings
- February 17 – Havre

March - Cognia Support Opportunities with Cognia Team
- March 3 – Billings
- March 10 – Havre

April - Restorative Circles with Crystal Hickman
- April 7 – Billings
- April 21 – Havre

May - CNA Unpacking with OPI School Improvement Team
- May 12 – Billings
- May 19 – Havre

Links to register for these meetings (including more details on each) will be sent prior to each event. Please reach out to me or your School Improvement Regional Lead with any questions.


Meet the Team

Exit Criteria for
Targeted & Compreshensive Schools