The Subpart 1 program provides funding to State agencies for the purposes of improving educational services to students up to the age of 21 who are incarcerated in adult or juvenile facilities. The OPI provides funding to the Montana Department of Corrections (DOC) for programs located in the Montana State Prison and Pine Hills Correctional Facility. Funding for this program is determined by a federal formula based on the number of eligible students residing at the facility during the count period in October. Subgrant funds are awarded to the DOC which determines the amounts allotted to each of the three programs.
The Subpart 2 program provides funding to LEAs for the purposes of improving the educational services to students up to age 18 who are living in residential facilities for children who are in the foster care system or the juvenile justice system, are returning from placement in state or local correctional facilities, or who may meet other federal guidelines for being "at-risk" of failing to successfully complete their education. Funding for this program is determined by a federal formula based on the number of eligible students residing at facilities licensed by the Montana Department of Health and Human Services during the count period in October. The OPI then determines which districts are eligible based on the October student count and disburses funds through a subgrant process.