What does universal support mean for a school?

Montana's system of differentiation under ESSA includes four federally required indicators plus Montana's fifth indicator to identify schools as either Comprehensive, Targeted, or Universal

Montana ESSA Accountability

1-4 Federally Required Indicators

  • Academic Achievement on Statewide Assessments: ELA/Reading & Math
  • Academic Growth on Statewide Assessments ELA/Reading & Math (K-8 Only)
  • English Learner Progress
  • Graduation Rates (HS only)

5th Indicator for Montana Flexibility

  • Attendance
  • College & Career Ready (HS Only)
  • CRT Science Assessment (2016-2017)

Schools identified as Universal are:

  • Those that are not performing in the bottom five percent on statewide assessments and have a graduation rate above 67 percent, both school-wide and for specific student groups. 

The purpose of these designations is to provide an equitable education for all students in Montana's schools. Schools designated comprehensive or targeted, will therefore receive the most support. 


Contact Information


Julie Murgel, 406-444-3172


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