Emergency Operations Plans (EOPs) will help schools prevent emergencies for taking place, better prepare for when emergencies do happen, and respond more efficiently during an emergency. After an emergency, schools with an EOP are better positioned to take step to recover.  

Current Montana law regarding emergency planning in schools: MCA 20-1-401

Emergency Operations Planning Learning Hub Course: This course helps guide schools and districts through the six steps of developing and/or updating high-quality, customized Emergency Operations Plans (EOPs).  It is designed to walk planning teams through the process of developing/updating a plan, giving specific and organized steps, examples, and fillable templates.

Six Step Process for Emergency Operations Planning


Site Assessments: As part of Step 2 in an emergency operations planning process, schools are encouraged to conduct a site assessment to examine the safety, accessibility, and emergency preparedness of a school building and campus. 

Guides and Toolkits 

The tools and resources below will provide schools with the basics for developing their own emergency operations plans: 

  • Campus Emergency Response Teams: As part of a larger Emergency Operations Plan, a school may consider the development of an emergency response team. This guide walks schools on how to develop such a team. 
  • Cultural Considerations: When planning for emergencies, is important to consider the cultural beliefs and values of students, school staff, and the community. If your school serves American Indian students understanding tribally-specific beliefs and practices can better prepare school staff to communicate about emergency planning. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services provides some guidance on American Indian and Alaska Native Disaster Preparedness.
  • Emergency Communications Plans: This document provides information and templates for creating emergency communications. 
  • Emergency Go Kits: Schools can use this checklist to create Emergency Go Kits for their schools and classrooms in the event of an emergency that requires evacuation of the building. 
  • Emergency Operations Planning (EOP) Assess: This tool is designed to help schools assess their current emergency operations plan (EOP) and identify potential areas of improvement. This tool is best suited for schools that have an EOP are are looking to strengthen their current plan.  
  • Guide for Developing a High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans: This step-by-step guide walks schools through the entire emergency operations planning process.
  • Montana Safety Rubric: In addition to general safety planning, this document can guide school districts working to prioritize their ESSA Title IV-A funds through a self-assessment of their school’s safety structure including physical, culture and climate, psychological and emotional health before, during, and after an emergency.
  • Recovery for Schools and School Districts: This fact sheet provides information about the four components of recovery for schools: academic recovery, physical and structural recovery, business functions recovery, and social, emotional, and behavioral recovery. 
  • School Bus Emergency Operations Plan: This guide walks through the process of creating emergency operations plans specific to school buses.